Mybatis 的初始化与建造者模式

建造者模式

建造者模式(Builder Pattern)指的是将一个复杂的构建与其表示相分离,使得同样的构建过程可以创建不同的表示。它使用多个简单的对象一步一步构建成一个复杂的对象。这种类型的设计模式属于创建型模式,它提供了一种创建对象的最佳方式。

结构

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角色

  • Product:要创建的复杂对象
  • Builder:给出一个抽象接口,以规范产品对象的各个组成成分的建造。这个接口规定要实现复杂对象的哪些部分的创建,并不涉及具体的对象部件的创建
  • ConcreteBuilder:实现 Builder 接口,针对不同的商业逻辑,具体化复杂对象的各部分的创建。 在建造过程完成后,提供产品的实例
  • Director:调用具体建造者来创建复杂对象的各个部分,在指导者中不涉及具体产品的信息,只负责保证对象各部分完整创建或按某种顺序创建

使用场景

  • 需要生成的对象具有复杂的内部结构,实例化对象时要屏蔽掉对象内部的细节,让上层代码与复杂对象的实例化过程解耦,可以使用建造者模式;简而言之,如果“遇到多个构造器参数时要考虑用构建器”
  • 对象的实例化是依赖各个组件的产生以及装配顺序,关注的是一步一步地组装出目标对象,可以使用建造器模式

与工厂模式的区别

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建造者模式在Mybatis里的应用

Mybatis 的初始化

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  • Configuration : Mybatis 启动初始化的核心就是将所有 xml 配置文件信息加载到 Configuration 对象中, Configuration是单例的,生命周期是应用级的。
  • XMLConfigBuilder: 主要负责解析 mybatis-config.xml
  • XMLMapperBuilder: 主要负责解析映射配置文件(各个Mapper.xml)
  • XMLStatementBuilder: 主要负责解析映射配置文件中的SQL节点
  • MapperBuilderAssistant:辅助XMLMapperBuilder解析mapper.xml文件,完善属性信息,并注册到configuration对象(单一职责原则)

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  • BaseBuilder:所有解析器的父类,包含配置文件实例,为解析文件提供的一些通用的方法

入口

当我们创建了一个 SqlSessionFactory,其实就完成了初始化,所以入口是 build 方法。

private SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory;
//读取mybatis配置文件创SqlSessionFactory
String resource = "mybatis-config.xml";
InputStream inputStream = Resources.getResourceAsStream(resource);
//读取mybatis配置文件创SqlSessionFactory
sqlSessionFactory = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(inputStream);
inputStream.close();

跟 build:
这就是一个建造者模式的简单实现。屏蔽了创建对象的复杂过程,但并没有流式编程的思想。并不是建造者模式的最佳实现。

public class SqlSessionFactoryBuilder {

public SqlSessionFactory build(InputStream inputStream) {
    return build(inputStream, null, null);
  }
  
public SqlSessionFactory build(InputStream inputStream, String environment, Properties properties) {
    try {
      XMLConfigBuilder parser = new XMLConfigBuilder(inputStream, environment, properties);
      return build(parser.parse());
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw ExceptionFactory.wrapException("Error building SqlSession.", e);
    } finally {
      ErrorContext.instance().reset();
      try {
        inputStream.close();
      } catch (IOException e) {
        // Intentionally ignore. Prefer previous error.
      }
    }
  }

public SqlSessionFactory build(Configuration config) {
  return new DefaultSqlSessionFactory(config);
}
  //省略了一些代码

XMLConfigBuilder

public class XMLConfigBuilder extends BaseBuilder {
  //是否解析过mybatis-config.xml文件
  private boolean parsed;
  //xml文件的解析器
  private final XPathParser parser;
  //读取默认的environment
  private String environment;
  //负责创建和缓存Reflector对象
  private final ReflectorFactory localReflectorFactory = new DefaultReflectorFactory();
  
  public Configuration parse() {
    if (parsed) {
      throw new BuilderException("Each XMLConfigBuilder can only be used once.");
    }
    parsed = true;
    parseConfiguration(parser.evalNode("/configuration"));
    return configuration;
  }

  private void parseConfiguration(XNode root) {
    try {
      //issue #117 read properties first
      //解析<properties>节点
      propertiesElement(root.evalNode("properties"));
      //解析<settings>节点
      Properties settings = settingsAsProperties(root.evalNode("settings"));
      loadCustomVfs(settings);
      //解析<typeAliases>节点
      typeAliasesElement(root.evalNode("typeAliases"));
      //解析<plugins>节点
      pluginElement(root.evalNode("plugins"));
      //解析<objectFactory>节点
      objectFactoryElement(root.evalNode("objectFactory"));
      //解析<objectWrapperFactory>节点
      objectWrapperFactoryElement(root.evalNode("objectWrapperFactory"));
      //解析<reflectorFactory>节点
      reflectorFactoryElement(root.evalNode("reflectorFactory"));
      settingsElement(settings);//将settings填充到configuration
      // read it after objectFactory and objectWrapperFactory issue #631
      //解析<environments>节点
      environmentsElement(root.evalNode("environments"));
      //解析<databaseIdProvider>节点
      databaseIdProviderElement(root.evalNode("databaseIdProvider"));
      //解析<typeHandlers>节点
      typeHandlerElement(root.evalNode("typeHandlers"));
      //解析<mappers>节点
      mapperElement(root.evalNode("mappers"));
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw new BuilderException("Error parsing SQL Mapper Configuration. Cause: " + e, e);
    }
  }
  private void mapperElement(XNode parent) throws Exception {
    if (parent != null) {
      for (XNode child : parent.getChildren()) {//处理mapper子节点
        if ("package".equals(child.getName())) {//package子节点
          String mapperPackage = child.getStringAttribute("name");
          configuration.addMappers(mapperPackage);
        } else {//获取<mapper>节点的resource、url或mapperClass属性这三个属性互斥
          String resource = child.getStringAttribute("resource");
          String url = child.getStringAttribute("url");
          String mapperClass = child.getStringAttribute("class");
          //主要用的就是resource:例,<mapper resource="sqlmapper/TUserMapper.xml"/>
          if (resource != null && url == null && mapperClass == null) {//如果resource不为空
            ErrorContext.instance().resource(resource);
            InputStream inputStream = Resources.getResourceAsStream(resource);//加载mapper文件
            //实例化XMLMapperBuilder解析mapper映射文件
            XMLMapperBuilder mapperParser = new XMLMapperBuilder(inputStream, configuration, resource, configuration.getSqlFragments());
            mapperParser.parse();
          } else if (resource == null && url != null && mapperClass == null) {//如果url不为空
            ErrorContext.instance().resource(url);
            InputStream inputStream = Resources.getUrlAsStream(url);//加载mapper文件
            //实例化XMLMapperBuilder解析mapper映射文件
            XMLMapperBuilder mapperParser = new XMLMapperBuilder(inputStream, configuration, url, configuration.getSqlFragments());
            mapperParser.parse();
          } else if (resource == null && url == null && mapperClass != null) {//如果class不为空
            Class<?> mapperInterface = Resources.classForName(mapperClass);//加载class对象
            configuration.addMapper(mapperInterface);//向代理中心注册mapper
          } else {
            throw new BuilderException("A mapper element may only specify a url, resource or class, but not more than one.");
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  //省略了一些方法
}

XMLMapperBuilder

public class XMLMapperBuilder extends BaseBuilder {

  private final XPathParser parser;
  private final MapperBuilderAssistant builderAssistant;
  private final Map<String, XNode> sqlFragments;
  private final String resource;
  
  public void parse() {
	//判断是否已经加载该配置文件
    if (!configuration.isResourceLoaded(resource)) {
      configurationElement(parser.evalNode("/mapper"));//处理mapper节点
      configuration.addLoadedResource(resource);//将mapper文件添加到configuration.loadedResources中
      bindMapperForNamespace();//注册mapper接口
    }
    //处理解析失败的ResultMap节点
    parsePendingResultMaps();
    //处理解析失败的CacheRef节点
    parsePendingCacheRefs();
    //处理解析失败的Sql语句节点
    parsePendingStatements();
  }
  
private void configurationElement(XNode context) {
    try {
    	//获取mapper节点的namespace属性
      String namespace = context.getStringAttribute("namespace");
      if (namespace == null || namespace.equals("")) {
        throw new BuilderException("Mapper's namespace cannot be empty");
      }
      //设置builderAssistant的namespace属性
      builderAssistant.setCurrentNamespace(namespace);
      //解析cache-ref节点
      cacheRefElement(context.evalNode("cache-ref"));
      //重点分析 :解析cache节点----------------1-------------------
      cacheElement(context.evalNode("cache"));
      //解析parameterMap节点(已废弃)
      parameterMapElement(context.evalNodes("/mapper/parameterMap"));
      //重点分析 :解析resultMap节点(基于数据结果去理解)----------------2-------------------
      resultMapElements(context.evalNodes("/mapper/resultMap"));
      //解析sql节点
      sqlElement(context.evalNodes("/mapper/sql"));
      //重点分析 :解析select、insert、update、delete节点 ----------------3-------------------
      buildStatementFromContext(context.evalNodes("select|insert|update|delete"));
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw new BuilderException("Error parsing Mapper XML. The XML location is '" + resource + "'. Cause: " + e, e);
    }
  }
  
  private void bindMapperForNamespace() {
	//获取命名空间
    String namespace = builderAssistant.getCurrentNamespace();
    if (namespace != null) {
      Class<?> boundType = null;
      try {
    	//通过命名空间获取mapper接口的class对象
        boundType = Resources.classForName(namespace);
      } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
        //ignore, bound type is not required
      }
      if (boundType != null) {
        if (!configuration.hasMapper(boundType)) {//是否已经注册过该mapper接口?
          // Spring may not know the real resource name so we set a flag
          // to prevent loading again this resource from the mapper interface
          // look at MapperAnnotationBuilder#loadXmlResource
          //将命名空间添加至configuration.loadedResource集合中
          configuration.addLoadedResource("namespace:" + namespace);
          //将mapper接口添加到mapper注册中心
          //mapperRegistry.addMapper(type);
          configuration.addMapper(boundType);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  
  //重点分析 :解析cache节点----------------1-------------------
  private void cacheElement(XNode context) throws Exception {
    if (context != null) {
      //获取cache节点的type属性,默认为PERPETUAL
      String type = context.getStringAttribute("type", "PERPETUAL");
      //找到type对应的cache接口的实现
      Class<? extends Cache> typeClass = typeAliasRegistry.resolveAlias(type);
      //读取eviction属性,既缓存的淘汰策略,默认LRU
      String eviction = context.getStringAttribute("eviction", "LRU");
      //根据eviction属性,找到装饰器
      Class<? extends Cache> evictionClass = typeAliasRegistry.resolveAlias(eviction);
      //读取flushInterval属性,既缓存的刷新周期
      Long flushInterval = context.getLongAttribute("flushInterval");
      //读取size属性,既缓存的容量大小
      Integer size = context.getIntAttribute("size");
     //读取readOnly属性,既缓存的是否只读
      boolean readWrite = !context.getBooleanAttribute("readOnly", false);
      //读取blocking属性,既缓存的是否阻塞
      boolean blocking = context.getBooleanAttribute("blocking", false);
      Properties props = context.getChildrenAsProperties();
      //通过builderAssistant创建缓存对象,并添加至configuration
      builderAssistant.useNewCache(typeClass, evictionClass, flushInterval, size, readWrite, blocking, props);
    }
  }
  
  //重点分析 :解析resultMap节点(基于数据结果去理解)----------------2-------------------
  //解析resultMap节点,实际就是解析sql查询的字段与pojo属性之间的转化规则
  private void resultMapElements(List<XNode> list) throws Exception {
	//遍历所有的resultmap节点
    for (XNode resultMapNode : list) {
      try {
    	 //解析具体某一个resultMap节点
        resultMapElement(resultMapNode);
      } catch (IncompleteElementException e) {
        // ignore, it will be retried
      }
    }
  }

  private ResultMap resultMapElement(XNode resultMapNode) throws Exception {
    return resultMapElement(resultMapNode, Collections.<ResultMapping> emptyList());
  }
  
  private ResultMap resultMapElement(XNode resultMapNode, List<ResultMapping> additionalResultMappings) throws Exception {
    ErrorContext.instance().activity("processing " + resultMapNode.getValueBasedIdentifier());
    //获取resultmap节点的id属性
    String id = resultMapNode.getStringAttribute("id",
        resultMapNode.getValueBasedIdentifier());
    //获取resultmap节点的type属性
    String type = resultMapNode.getStringAttribute("type",
        resultMapNode.getStringAttribute("ofType",
            resultMapNode.getStringAttribute("resultType",
                resultMapNode.getStringAttribute("javaType"))));
    //获取resultmap节点的extends属性,描述继承关系
    String extend = resultMapNode.getStringAttribute("extends");
    //获取resultmap节点的autoMapping属性,是否开启自动映射
    Boolean autoMapping = resultMapNode.getBooleanAttribute("autoMapping");
    //从别名注册中心获取entity的class对象
    Class<?> typeClass = resolveClass(type);
    Discriminator discriminator = null;
    //记录子节点中的映射结果集合
    List<ResultMapping> resultMappings = new ArrayList<>();
    resultMappings.addAll(additionalResultMappings);
    //从xml文件中获取当前resultmap中的所有子节点,并开始遍历
    List<XNode> resultChildren = resultMapNode.getChildren();
    for (XNode resultChild : resultChildren) {
      if ("constructor".equals(resultChild.getName())) {//处理<constructor>节点
        processConstructorElement(resultChild, typeClass, resultMappings);
      } else if ("discriminator".equals(resultChild.getName())) {//处理<discriminator>节点
        discriminator = processDiscriminatorElement(resultChild, typeClass, resultMappings);
      } else {//处理<id> <result> <association> <collection>节点
        List<ResultFlag> flags = new ArrayList<>();
        if ("id".equals(resultChild.getName())) {
          flags.add(ResultFlag.ID);//如果是id节点,向flags中添加元素
        }
        //重点看:创建ResultMapping对象并加入resultMappings集合中
        resultMappings.add(buildResultMappingFromContext(resultChild, typeClass, flags));
      }
    }
    //实例化resultMap解析器
    ResultMapResolver resultMapResolver = new ResultMapResolver(builderAssistant, id, typeClass, extend, discriminator, resultMappings, autoMapping);
    try {
      //通过resultMap解析器实例化resultMap并将其注册到configuration对象(也是交给MapperBuilderAssistant去做)
      //return assistant.addResultMap(this.id, this.type, this.extend, this.discriminator, this.resultMappings, this.autoMapping);
      return resultMapResolver.resolve();
    } catch (IncompleteElementException  e) {
      configuration.addIncompleteResultMap(resultMapResolver);
      throw e;
    }
  }
  
  //根据resultmap中的子节点信息,创建resultMapping对象
  private ResultMapping buildResultMappingFromContext(XNode context, Class<?> resultType, List<ResultFlag> flags) throws Exception {
    String property;
    if (flags.contains(ResultFlag.CONSTRUCTOR)) {
      property = context.getStringAttribute("name");
    } else {
      property = context.getStringAttribute("property");
    }
    String column = context.getStringAttribute("column");
    String javaType = context.getStringAttribute("javaType");
    String jdbcType = context.getStringAttribute("jdbcType");
    String nestedSelect = context.getStringAttribute("select");
    String nestedResultMap = context.getStringAttribute("resultMap",
        processNestedResultMappings(context, Collections.<ResultMapping> emptyList()));
    String notNullColumn = context.getStringAttribute("notNullColumn");
    String columnPrefix = context.getStringAttribute("columnPrefix");
    String typeHandler = context.getStringAttribute("typeHandler");
    String resultSet = context.getStringAttribute("resultSet");
    String foreignColumn = context.getStringAttribute("foreignColumn");
    boolean lazy = "lazy".equals(context.getStringAttribute("fetchType", configuration.isLazyLoadingEnabled() ? "lazy" : "eager"));
    Class<?> javaTypeClass = resolveClass(javaType);
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    Class<? extends TypeHandler<?>> typeHandlerClass = (Class<? extends TypeHandler<?>>) resolveClass(typeHandler);
    JdbcType jdbcTypeEnum = resolveJdbcType(jdbcType);
    //使用建造者模式创建resultMapping对象
    return builderAssistant.buildResultMapping(resultType, property, column, javaTypeClass, jdbcTypeEnum, nestedSelect, nestedResultMap, notNullColumn, columnPrefix, typeHandlerClass, flags, resultSet, foreignColumn, lazy);
  }
  
  //重点分析 :解析select、insert、update、delete节点 ----------------3-------------------
  private void buildStatementFromContext(List<XNode> list) {
    if (configuration.getDatabaseId() != null) {
      buildStatementFromContext(list, configuration.getDatabaseId());
    }
    buildStatementFromContext(list, null);
  }

  //处理所有的sql语句节点并注册至configuration对象
  private void buildStatementFromContext(List<XNode> list, String requiredDatabaseId) {
    for (XNode context : list) {
      //创建XMLStatementBuilder 专门用于解析sql语句节点
      final XMLStatementBuilder statementParser = new XMLStatementBuilder(configuration, builderAssistant, context, requiredDatabaseId);
      try {
    	//解析sql语句节点
        statementParser.parseStatementNode();
      } catch (IncompleteElementException e) {
        configuration.addIncompleteStatement(statementParser);
      }
    }
  }
  
  //省略了一些方法
}

XMLStatementBuilder

public class XMLStatementBuilder extends BaseBuilder {

  private final MapperBuilderAssistant builderAssistant;
  private final XNode context;
  private final String requiredDatabaseId;

  public void parseStatementNode() {
	//获取sql节点的id
    String id = context.getStringAttribute("id");
    String databaseId = context.getStringAttribute("databaseId");

    if (!databaseIdMatchesCurrent(id, databaseId, this.requiredDatabaseId)) {
      return;
    }
    /*获取sql节点的各种属性*/
    Integer fetchSize = context.getIntAttribute("fetchSize");
    Integer timeout = context.getIntAttribute("timeout");
    String parameterMap = context.getStringAttribute("parameterMap");
    String parameterType = context.getStringAttribute("parameterType");
    Class<?> parameterTypeClass = resolveClass(parameterType);
    String resultMap = context.getStringAttribute("resultMap");
    String resultType = context.getStringAttribute("resultType");
    String lang = context.getStringAttribute("lang");
    LanguageDriver langDriver = getLanguageDriver(lang);

    Class<?> resultTypeClass = resolveClass(resultType);
    String resultSetType = context.getStringAttribute("resultSetType");
    StatementType statementType = StatementType.valueOf(context.getStringAttribute("statementType", StatementType.PREPARED.toString()));
    ResultSetType resultSetTypeEnum = resolveResultSetType(resultSetType);



    //根据sql节点的名称获取SqlCommandType(INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, SELECT)
    String nodeName = context.getNode().getNodeName();
    SqlCommandType sqlCommandType = SqlCommandType.valueOf(nodeName.toUpperCase(Locale.ENGLISH));
    boolean isSelect = sqlCommandType == SqlCommandType.SELECT;
    boolean flushCache = context.getBooleanAttribute("flushCache", !isSelect);
    boolean useCache = context.getBooleanAttribute("useCache", isSelect);
    boolean resultOrdered = context.getBooleanAttribute("resultOrdered", false);

    // Include Fragments before parsing
    //在解析sql语句之前先解析<include>节点
    XMLIncludeTransformer includeParser = new XMLIncludeTransformer(configuration, builderAssistant);
    includeParser.applyIncludes(context.getNode());

    // Parse selectKey after includes and remove them.
    //在解析sql语句之前,处理<selectKey>子节点,并在xml节点中删除
    processSelectKeyNodes(id, parameterTypeClass, langDriver);

    // Parse the SQL (pre: <selectKey> and <include> were parsed and removed)
    //解析sql语句是解析mapper.xml的核心,实例化sqlSource,使用sqlSource封装sql语句
    SqlSource sqlSource = langDriver.createSqlSource(configuration, context, parameterTypeClass);
    String resultSets = context.getStringAttribute("resultSets");//获取resultSets属性
    String keyProperty = context.getStringAttribute("keyProperty");//获取主键信息keyProperty
    String keyColumn = context.getStringAttribute("keyColumn");///获取主键信息keyColumn

    //根据<selectKey>获取对应的SelectKeyGenerator的id
    KeyGenerator keyGenerator;
    String keyStatementId = id + SelectKeyGenerator.SELECT_KEY_SUFFIX;
    keyStatementId = builderAssistant.applyCurrentNamespace(keyStatementId, true);


    //获取keyGenerator对象,如果是insert类型的sql语句,会使用KeyGenerator接口获取数据库生产的id;
    if (configuration.hasKeyGenerator(keyStatementId)) {
      keyGenerator = configuration.getKeyGenerator(keyStatementId);
    } else {
      keyGenerator = context.getBooleanAttribute("useGeneratedKeys",
          configuration.isUseGeneratedKeys() && SqlCommandType.INSERT.equals(sqlCommandType))
          ? Jdbc3KeyGenerator.INSTANCE : NoKeyGenerator.INSTANCE;
    }

    //通过builderAssistant实例化MappedStatement,并注册至configuration对象
    builderAssistant.addMappedStatement(id, sqlSource, statementType, sqlCommandType,
        fetchSize, timeout, parameterMap, parameterTypeClass, resultMap, resultTypeClass,
        resultSetTypeEnum, flushCache, useCache, resultOrdered,
        keyGenerator, keyProperty, keyColumn, databaseId, langDriver, resultSets);
  }
  //省略了一些方法
}

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MapperBuilderAssistant

public class MapperBuilderAssistant extends BaseBuilder {

  private String currentNamespace;
  private final String resource;
  private Cache currentCache;
  private boolean unresolvedCacheRef; // issue #676
  
  //通过builderAssistant创建缓存对象,并添加至configuration
  public Cache useNewCache(Class<? extends Cache> typeClass,
      Class<? extends Cache> evictionClass,
      Long flushInterval,
      Integer size,
      boolean readWrite,
      boolean blocking,
      Properties props) {
	//经典的建造起模式,创建一个cache对象
    Cache cache = new CacheBuilder(currentNamespace)
        .implementation(valueOrDefault(typeClass, PerpetualCache.class))
        .addDecorator(valueOrDefault(evictionClass, LruCache.class))
        .clearInterval(flushInterval)
        .size(size)
        .readWrite(readWrite)
        .blocking(blocking)
        .properties(props)
        .build();
    //将缓存添加至configuration,注意二级缓存以命名空间为单位进行划分
    configuration.addCache(cache);
    currentCache = cache;
    return cache;
  }

  public ResultMapping buildResultMapping(
      Class<?> resultType,
      String property,
      String column,
      Class<?> javaType,
      JdbcType jdbcType,
      String nestedSelect,
      String nestedResultMap,
      String notNullColumn,
      String columnPrefix,
      Class<? extends TypeHandler<?>> typeHandler,
      List<ResultFlag> flags,
      String resultSet,
      String foreignColumn,
      boolean lazy) {
    Class<?> javaTypeClass = resolveResultJavaType(resultType, property, javaType);
    TypeHandler<?> typeHandlerInstance = resolveTypeHandler(javaTypeClass, typeHandler);
    List<ResultMapping> composites = parseCompositeColumnName(column);
    return new ResultMapping.Builder(configuration, property, column, javaTypeClass)
        .jdbcType(jdbcType)
        .nestedQueryId(applyCurrentNamespace(nestedSelect, true))
        .nestedResultMapId(applyCurrentNamespace(nestedResultMap, true))
        .resultSet(resultSet)
        .typeHandler(typeHandlerInstance)
        .flags(flags == null ? new ArrayList<ResultFlag>() : flags)
        .composites(composites)
        .notNullColumns(parseMultipleColumnNames(notNullColumn))
        .columnPrefix(columnPrefix)
        .foreignColumn(foreignColumn)
        .lazy(lazy)
        .build();
  }
  
  //实例化ResultMap并将其注册到Configuration对象
  public ResultMap addResultMap(
      String id,
      Class<?> type,
      String extend,
      Discriminator discriminator,
      List<ResultMapping> resultMappings,
      Boolean autoMapping) {
	 //完善id,id的完整格式是"namespace.id"
    id = applyCurrentNamespace(id, false);
    //获得父类resultMap的完整id
    extend = applyCurrentNamespace(extend, true);

    //针对extend属性的处理
    if (extend != null) {
      if (!configuration.hasResultMap(extend)) {
        throw new IncompleteElementException("Could not find a parent resultmap with id '" + extend + "'");
      }
      ResultMap resultMap = configuration.getResultMap(extend);
      List<ResultMapping> extendedResultMappings = new ArrayList<>(resultMap.getResultMappings());
      extendedResultMappings.removeAll(resultMappings);
      // Remove parent constructor if this resultMap declares a constructor.
      boolean declaresConstructor = false;
      for (ResultMapping resultMapping : resultMappings) {
        if (resultMapping.getFlags().contains(ResultFlag.CONSTRUCTOR)) {
          declaresConstructor = true;
          break;
        }
      }
      if (declaresConstructor) {
        Iterator<ResultMapping> extendedResultMappingsIter = extendedResultMappings.iterator();
        while (extendedResultMappingsIter.hasNext()) {
          if (extendedResultMappingsIter.next().getFlags().contains(ResultFlag.CONSTRUCTOR)) {
            extendedResultMappingsIter.remove();
          }
        }
      }
      //添加需要被继承下来的resultMapping对象结合
      resultMappings.addAll(extendedResultMappings);
    }
    //通过建造者模式实例化resultMap,并注册到configuration.resultMaps中
    ResultMap resultMap = new ResultMap.Builder(configuration, id, type, resultMappings, autoMapping)
        .discriminator(discriminator)
        .build();
    configuration.addResultMap(resultMap);
    return resultMap;
  }

  public MappedStatement addMappedStatement(
      String id,
      SqlSource sqlSource,
      StatementType statementType,
      SqlCommandType sqlCommandType,
      Integer fetchSize,
      Integer timeout,
      String parameterMap,
      Class<?> parameterType,
      String resultMap,
      Class<?> resultType,
      ResultSetType resultSetType,
      boolean flushCache,
      boolean useCache,
      boolean resultOrdered,
      KeyGenerator keyGenerator,
      String keyProperty,
      String keyColumn,
      String databaseId,
      LanguageDriver lang,
      String resultSets) {

    if (unresolvedCacheRef) {
      throw new IncompleteElementException("Cache-ref not yet resolved");
    }

    id = applyCurrentNamespace(id, false);
    boolean isSelect = sqlCommandType == SqlCommandType.SELECT;

    MappedStatement.Builder statementBuilder = new MappedStatement.Builder(configuration, id, sqlSource, sqlCommandType)
        .resource(resource)
        .fetchSize(fetchSize)
        .timeout(timeout)
        .statementType(statementType)
        .keyGenerator(keyGenerator)
        .keyProperty(keyProperty)
        .keyColumn(keyColumn)
        .databaseId(databaseId)
        .lang(lang)
        .resultOrdered(resultOrdered)
        .resultSets(resultSets)
        .resultMaps(getStatementResultMaps(resultMap, resultType, id))
        .resultSetType(resultSetType)
        .flushCacheRequired(valueOrDefault(flushCache, !isSelect))
        .useCache(valueOrDefault(useCache, isSelect))
        .cache(currentCache);

    ParameterMap statementParameterMap = getStatementParameterMap(parameterMap, parameterType, id);
    if (statementParameterMap != null) {
      statementBuilder.parameterMap(statementParameterMap);
    }

    MappedStatement statement = statementBuilder.build();
    configuration.addMappedStatement(statement);
    return statement;
  }
  //省略了一些方法
}
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